Tranzacționarea dividendelor. Ce Sunt Dividendele? Dividend Definiție
Investors[ edit ] For an investor, dividend stripping provides dividend incomeand a tranzacționarea dividendelor loss when the shares fall in value in normal circumstances on going ex-dividend.
This may be profitable if income is greater than the loss, or if the tax treatment of the two tranzacționarea dividendelor an advantage. Different tax circumstances of different tranzacționarea dividendelor is a factor. A tax advantage available to everyone would be expected to show up in the ex-dividend price fall.
But an advantage available only to a limited set of investors might not.
In any case, the amount of profit on such a transaction is usually small, meaning that it may not be worthwhile after brokerage fees, the risk of holding shares overnight, the market spreador possible slippage if the market lacks liquidity. Tax avoidance[ edit ] Dividend stripping or cum-ex trading can be used as a tax avoidance strategy,  enabling a company to distribute profits to its owners as a capital sum, instead of a dividend, which offers tax benefits if the effective tax rate on capital gains is tranzacționarea dividendelor than for dividends.
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For example, consider a company called ProfCo wishing to distribute D, with the help of a stripper company called StripperCo. StripperCo sells its shares back to the owners for X. The net effect for StripperCo is nothing; the dividend it receives is income, and its loss on the share trading is a deduction. StripperCo might need to be in the business of share trading to get such a deduction i.
Such class B shares could have their rights changed by ProfCo, rendering them worthless, instead of StripperCo selling them back. ProfCo might lend money to StripperCo for the transaction, instead of the latter needing bridging finance.
Care este diferența dintre rata de dividende și randamentul dividendelor?
The tax treatment for each party in an exercise like this will vary from country to country. Australia[ edit ] In Australiaordinary external investors are free to buy shares cum-dividend and sell them ex-dividendand treat the dividend income and capital loss the same as for any other investment.
But schemes involving a deliberate arrangement by a company's owners to avoid tax are addressed by anti-avoidance provisions of Part IVA the Income Tax Assessment Act Investors[ tranzacționarea dividendelor ] Dividend stripping by investors has the general advantages or disadvantages described above, but in addition in Australia there are tranzacționarea dividendelor credits attached to dividends under the dividend imputation system.
Those credits can only be used by eligible investors see the dividend imputation articleso there's a tension between different investors for the amount shares should fall when going ex-dividend. A rationally priced drop for one group is a bonus or trading opportunity for the other. But the difference is not large.
Dividendele. Ce sunt, cum se impoziteaza, cand le ridicam?
Tax avoidance[ edit ] The kind of dividend stripping tax avoidance schemes described above presently fall under anti-avoidance provisions of the Income Tranzacționarea dividendelor Assessment Act part IVA amendments introduced in Tranzacționarea dividendelor IVA is a set of general anti-avoidance measures addressing schemes with a dominant purpose of creating a tax benefit.
Section E specifically covers dividend stripping. That section exists to avoid any difficulty that might arise from identifying tranzacționarea dividendelor where a tax benefit arises in dividend stripping.
Dividend stripping will generally result in money to owners being taxed as dividends, irrespective of interposed steps. Section E also applies to related schemes which draw off profits from a company, benefitting its owners, not just to the formal payment of a dividend. For example, The stripper receiving a non-recoverable loan, instead of a dividend from tranzacționarea dividendelor target company.
The stripper selling a worthless asset to the company. Owners without tranzacționarea dividendelor separate stripper selling a part interest in an asset to the company, but later changing the terms to reduce its value.
Losses in the company for such related schemes may be recognised immediately in its accounts, or only booked progressively over future years, the latter being various "forward stripping" schemes.
Both are caught by section E. And the explanatory memorandum .